Location: Home>Staff> Scholars
  • SUN Lie

Name: SUN Lie

Nationality: Chinese



Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences,

55 Zhong-guan-cun East Road, Haidian District,

Beijing, P.R.China, 100190

    Phone: +86-10-5755-2549

    Email: sunlie@ihns.ac.cn


Present Position

Prof., Ph.D.

Institute for the History of Natural Science (IHNS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

Associate Editor-in-Chief,

Studies in the History of Natural Sciences.

Deputy secretary general,

The Specialized Committee of the History of Technology of CSHST.


Research Interest

History of Technology, History of Mechanical Engineering, History of Ordnance.


Employment History

Technische Universitaet Berlin. Project scientist of “Making Technology Appropriate”(DFG project) . 2012 ~ 2014.

Technische Universitaet Berlin. Visiting scholar in the history of science and technology. 2012.

Beijing Zhongke Information Technology Limited Company. 2001~2004.


Academic Degrees

June/2011, PhD, History of Science and Technology, IHNS, CAS.

June/2007, MS, History of Science and Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

June/1995, BE, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Luoyang Institute of Technology.


Selected Publications

  1. Sun, L. Making a Big Machine: The Road of Innovation to the 120MN Hydraulic Forging Press in 20th Century China (Zhizao Yitai Dajiqi: 20 Shiji 50-60 Niandai Zhongguo Wandun Shuiyaji de Chuangxin zhi Lu). Jinan: Shandong Education Press, 2012. ISBN 978-7-5328-7066-0.
  2. Sun, L. German Krupp and Late Qing Chinese Artillery: Technology Transfer through Trade and Imitation (Deguo Kelubo yu Wanqing Huopao: Maoyi yu Fangzhi Moshi xia de Jishu Zhuanyi. Jinan: Shandong Education Press, 2014. ISBN 978-7-5328-8726-2.
  3. Forschner, D., Sun. L (translator). German Steam Locomotives in China: Production and operation of German steam locomotives in China from 1892 until 1985. China Railway Publishing House, 2017.
  4. Sun L. Evolution of the Chinese Science and Technology System. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Vol.34, No.9 Sept. 2019.970-981.)
  5. Technology Introduction and Innovation: Household Appliances, Passenger Cars and High-Speed Railway. Bai Chunli. China’s Creations and Progress in Science and Technology. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press. 2018: 178-187.
  6. Sun L. The historical process of becoming a powerful country in science and technology. Science Pictorial. No.9 2019.
  7. Zhang Y., Li X., Sun L. Strove ahead and made a success: A review of the achievements in the development of science and technology of the people's Republic of China. Science Pictorial. No.9 2019.
  8. SUN. L. Decision Making in the 120MN Shanghai Hydraulic Forging Press Project: Walking a Tightrope Between Politics and Technology. Philosophy of Engineering, East and West. Springer, Cham, 2018. 271-280.
  9. Sun L. Hu D. Manufacturing in the Eye of the Storm:Shen Hong and the Nine Great Installations Project during China's Cultural Revolution. Endeavour, 2017, 41(3): 116-126.
  10. WU S., SUN L., GUAN X. An Analysis of XRF on Seven typical Bronzes of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties from the Hunan Provincial Museum. Chen J. A Treasury of Hunan (San Xiang Si Shui): Collection of Unearthed bronze exhibition of Shang and Western Zhou Dynasties. Zhonghua Book Company. 2017. pp. 204-212.
  11. GUAN X., SUN L., Wu S. An Extacting and Study of the Information of Micro Scratches on the Big Beast-face Bronze Zun of the Hunan Provincial Museum. Bulletin of Hunan Provincial Museum. Vol.12, 2016. pp. 131-139.
  12. Sun L. Rolling-element bearings in China: From ancient to the 20th century. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering,March 2016, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 33–43.
  13. An Analysis of Micro Scratches on Typical Southern Chinese Bronzes,Explorations in the History of Machines and Mechanisms. 2016, pp 245-259.
  14. Lie Sun, Xiaowu Guan, and Shilei Wu. "An Analysis of Micro Scratches on Typical Southern Chinese Bronzes—A Case Study of Crawler-Pattern Nao and Chugong Ge." Explorations in the History of Machines and Mechanisms. Springer, Cham, 2016. 245-259.
  15. Sun L. The Establishment and Development of Standard Weapons System in China (1864 – 1955). in chinese, Engineering Studies. 2016 8(3):297-306.
  16. Sun L, Zhang B, Lin T. An investigation and reconstruction of traditional vertical-axle-styled “Chinese great windmill” and its square-pallet Chain-pump. In: Yan H, Ceccarelli M, eds. International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms: Proceedings of HMM 2008. Berlin: Springer, 2009, 295–308.
  17. Sun, L. A Case Study on China's Self-made Major Technical Equipment: The Design and Manufacturing of Shanghai's 120MN Forging Hydraulic Press. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, Vol. 30, No.3 (2011)), 366-382.
  18. Sun, L. The Second Meeting of the Eighth Conference of CPC and China’s 10K Tons Hydraulic Press. Hundred Year Tide. No. 1 (2012)), 15-21.
  19. Chen, Y; Sun, L. An Etymological Research on Chinese Terms “Engineering” and “Engineer”. Journal of Engineering Studies. Vol.5 No.1 (2013), 53-57.
  20. Sun, L. A Study on the Relationship between Diplomatic Personnel Stationed Abroad and the Technology Transfer from Krupp to Late Qing. Dialectics of Nature, Vol.34, No.1 (2012), 30-34.
  21. Sun, L. The Tactics and Channels of ordnance procurement of the Northern Navy as Revealed by a Letter from Li Hongzhang to Alfred Krupp. Studies in Dialectics of Nature, Vol.27, No.6 (2011)), 93-97.


Talks and Presentations

  1. SUN L. Problems and progress in the Research on the History of China’s Modern Military Technology. 1stCIAHS. 2019.9.11. Athens, Greece.
  2. SUN L. From Binoculars to Cinetheodolite: The Development of Applied Optics and the Optical Industry in China. APS (American Physical Society) March Meeting. Boston, USA. 2019.3.5.
  3. SUN L. Technology Transfer and Standardization of Light and Heavy Weapons in China (1864-1955). The 6th Forum on Histoty and Heritage of Technology in China (第六届中国技术史与技术遗产论坛) 2018.06.04-05.
  4. SUN L. SHEN Hong (1906-1998): A Legendary Engineer of China’s Modern Machinery Industry. 6th International Symposium on HMM 2018. 2018.09.26-28.
  5. Worker-engineers who built “Big Machines”: A Case Study of Industrial Artisans in China in 1960s. SHOT-IHNS-CNSM workshop: Craft and innovation in modern societies. Hangzhou. 2018.
  6. German Krupp and Late Qing Chinese Artillery: Technology Transfer through Trade and Imitation. “SHOT 2016”. National University of Singapore. 2016.
  7. Micro Scratches on Typical Southern Chinese Bronzes.HMMS 2016. UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DE QUERETARO. 2016.
  8. Rolling-element bearings in China. HMMS2015. St. Petersburg Polytechnic University. 2015.
  9. Nonmetal Substitute Materials and Early Airplane Manufacture in China. “22ndInternationalCongress of Historical Sciences”. Jinan. 2015.
  10. Progress and Problems: Archival collection and Analysis of the Ordnance Technology Transfer from Germany to China. Universit?t Zürich. 2013
  11. Die Traditionelle Windmühle in China. “Lange Nacht der Wissenschaften (2013)”. Technische Universit?t Berlin. 2013
  12. Progress and Problems: The Research of Ordnance Technology Transfer from Germany to China. “The 1st Workshop on Making Technology Appropriate: Technology Transfer from Germany to China”.Beijing. 2012.